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North is dealer but his partner buds out if turn with a PASS. The opposition do not accept the bid out if turn. I explain that the opening bid returns to his partner but he is obliged to pass again when it his turn. They remind me that he can make a bid of equal meaning. North wants to make a strong bid which is forcing. If he does then South breaks my ruling and therefore defeats any penalty. I am unsure of the meaning of equal value. Could you give some guidance